Saturday, 11 May 2013

Plastic Surgery’s Did You Know ?

The Father of Plastic Surgery : Sushruta
The Golden Age of Surgery in ancient India rests largely on the accomplishments of Sushruta, who lived about 600 B.C. Sushruta practiced and taught the art of surgery at the University of Benares (Varanasi, India) in the ancient city of the same name, located on the banks of the river Ganges. He is known as the Father of Surgery and Father of Plastic Surgery. His monumental treatise on
Surgery, “Susruta Samhita” described reconstructions of the nose & ear lobes with use of tissue transfer techniques. In his Nasal Reconstruction, known yet today as the Indian Method, Sushruta transposed skin from the forehead to replace missing skin of the nose. He was the First Surgeon to systematise surgery by dividing it into separate fields. He is known for cataract operation, laparotomy, and vesical lithotomy. He also described diabetes. Sushrut Institute of Plastic Surgery (SIPS) has been named after this propounder of Plastic Surgery who inspires us towards perfection & achieving new milestone.
The father of modern day plastic surgery : Gaspare Tagliacozzi
The father of modern day plastic and cosmetic surgery is credited to Italian surgeon Gaspare Tagliacozzi who lived from 1545 to 1599. He is best known for developing a technique to transfer arm tissue to the face, known as a pedicled arm flap. This was particularly needed for the reconstruction of a disfigured or amputated nose (this was a common problem with noses lost due to dueling or from syphilis). This technique is seen today in the logo of the American Board of Plastic surgery in which a person is seen with their forearm bandaged up against their nose. He was known for other
reconstructive procedures of the eyelids, lips and ears but his nasal reconstructions remain his signature procedure.